Historic interest You can discover more and see some of the finds at the Museum of the Iron Age in Andover. After archeological excavations it is believed the Iron Age Fort dates back to between 500BC-100BC. Cunliffe interprets the ramparts as essentially defensive, although he concedes that they may have been a means of displaying wealth and power, as Danebury would have been visible for miles around. Login with Facebook Enter your email to sign up and get the latest news in Hampshire. [9] In the 1920s and 1930s, there was "hill fort mania" in British archaeology; by 1940, about 80 had been archaeologically excavated. Danebury Iron Age hill fort is located in Hampshire, England, north-west of Winchester. [27], Danebury Hill, on top of which the hill fort sits, rises to 143 m (469 ft). Danebury was predominantly a farming community, the people kept sheep and cattle, wove woollen cloth and made leather goods. COVID-19 – Hampshire is in Tier 2 (High) but excluding Gosport and Havant which are in Tier 3 (Very High). A spectacular monument, enclosed by high ramparts, in a beautiful downland setting. A selection of the finds is on display at the Museum of the Iron Age in Andover. [21], In around 400 BC[18] the third phase heightened the rampart and at the same time the ditch was re-dug. At the highest point of the hill there were shrines and temples. The hill fort dominates the local landscape, which rarely rises above 100 m (330 ft), and has commanding views of the area. There is evidence of 73 roundhouses, 500 rectangular buildings and thousands of deep storage pits. [19] For a short time the hill fort was gateless, when the east gateway was repaired the passage from the entrance was lengthened. [10], In the late 1960s, Barry Cunliffe decided to examine a single hill fort and its surrounding territory in an attempt to shed light on Iron Age society, its politics, and population. Danebury Ring hillfort is a large sub-circular multivallate Iron Age enclosure of approx. May 10, 2019 - In my Consort of the Werewolf King series the pack refer to themselves as the Danebury Hill pack. The material was contained by timber, making it a box rampart with a vertical face. [28] Danebury's importance in the landscape increased over time, as demonstrated by its continued use until around 100 AD. 'Iron Age' describes the period between the end of the Bronze Age and the start of the Roman period (700BC to AD43). The site is a rich chalk grassland parts of which are a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Danebury Ring - Fungi - … Some of the burials uncovered at Danebury are thought to have been sacrificial. They were also law makers, teachers, storytellers and medicine men. Most of these trees had reached a stage where they had become unstable due to disease and a long-term program of removal began. 'Iron Age' describes the period between the end of the Bronze Age and the start of the Roman period. It is a ' type-site ', or model for understanding Iron Age hillforts in general. You can start your walk from the car park on Old Stockbridge Road about 1 mile east of the hill. Hotels near (SOU) Eastleigh Airport; Hotels near (BOH) Bournebouth Intl Airport; All things to do in Nether Wallop; Things to do near Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort. Stand and imagine life over 2,000 years ago. [31] There is some debate whether hill forts were purely defensive structures, and to what extent they were occupied. There is no historical record of events in Iron Age Britain, so archaeological investigation is the only way to reconstruct the history of Danebury, and other forts. The pits were dug from the chalk using tools such as mattocks. When the ditch was cut, the chalk rubble fill was used to build the rampart, along with some of the local clay soil. The complex gateways support the view that the site was militaristic; the long, curving east entrance maximised the time it would have taken for attackers to enter the fort and would have allowed defenders on the ramparts more time to hurl missiles, while the southwest entrance narrowed forcing attackers together and causing disarray. Hotels near Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort: (2.43 mi) The White Hart (2.68 mi) Highfield Country Guest House (9.74 mi) South Winchester Lodges (1.78 mi) Peat Spade Inn (9.67 mi) Flowerdews Bed and Breakfast; View all hotels near Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort on Tripadvisor Rituals were carried out by the priests, known as druids, who were respected in the community and acted as a link between the people and their gods. From here you can pick up the footpath taking you up to the hill fort. During that time one of their main tasks may have been to protect livestock and grain from attack by raiding parties. The trail is primarily used for walking and nature trips. The site, covering 5 hectares (12 acres), was excavated by Barry Cunliffe in the 1970s. Evidence found suggests that the fort was built 2500 years ago and occupied for nearly 500 years. The site is of national importance for both archaeology and nature conservation. The site continued in use, but on a much smaller scale than before. Beneath the modern fields lie the remains of smaller ancient or Celtic fields. Men, women and children may all have had to fight off invaders by hurling sling stones. To the west runs Wallop Brook which flows south east into the River Test. Aerial archaeology has allowed us to map these systems, which appear as ‘crop marks’ or different colours in the soil. The main defences show three phases of construction: (a) a timber-faced rampart of the 4th century B.C. The V-shaped ditch was 6 m (20 ft) deep and between 11 m (36 ft) and 12 m (39 ft) wide; the size of the previous ditch is unknown as re-cutting the ditch has made it hard to ascertain. The high rampart defences are a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Waypoints (0) Weather . The north part of the fort was occupied by four-post structures, probably granaries, which were later replaced by storage pits, and in the south part, there were roundhouses in between granaries and storage pits. Dec 1, 2020: Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort, Nether Wallop - See 48 reviews, articles, and 34 photos of Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort on Tripadvisor. It is likely that woollen products and grain were traded in exchange for these. Danebury is one of the most extensively studied hill forts in Europe. Buildings were left to decay and the interior of the fort became used for grazing. Kid friendly Nature trips Walking Views. A community of 300 to 400 people lived here for more than 400 years. Danebury Iron Age Hill-fort is 2,500 years old and is arguably the best excavated of all our hill-forts. In 1969 an archaeologist called Professor Barry Cunliffe began excavating with a team at Danebury. The site, covering 5 hectares (12 acres), was excavated by Barry Cunliffe in the 1970s. Danebury Hill Fort and Danebury Ring is a 1.6 mile loop trail located near Stockbridge, Hampshire, England that offers scenic views and is good for all skill levels. Danebury is considered a type-site for hill forts,[2] and was important in developing the understanding of hill forts, as very few others have been so intensively excavated. [8] The first excavation at Danebury was carried out in November 1859, under antiquarian Augustus Wollaston Franks. The hill fort was occupied from the mid-6th century BC until around 100 BC,[15] and the defences were remodelled numerous times. Grassland From the hill fort there are magnificent views including several other hill forts and prehistoric burial mounds. [36] This is further supported by the fact that the hill fort was used as a "central place" where people could gather to trade and store commodities. As such it is popular with dog owners and other casual walkers, as well those who enjoy a fine view or want a nice spot for a picnic. The gates were burnt down not long after the east gateway was altered. 700BC - AD43. [23] Most of the inhabitants deserted Danebury, and groups of bodies were disposed of in charnel pits. Payne, Corney, & Cunliffe (2007), pp. Near Stockbridge. Territory commanded by Danebury included areas of forest, pasture in the uplands, and access to water sources in the form of the River Test. Large beech trees around the perimeter of the earth works make the site prominent in the surrounding landscape. [17], The first phase of defences dates from around 550 BC,[18] and consists of a rampart behind a ditch. In total 57% of the interior has been excavated. 9, 58. The site, covering approx. The wooden box was abandoned in favour of allowing the rampart to slope down to the ditch, but to provide protection the rampart would probably have been surmounted by a dry stone wall made from flint. [7], The first widespread investigation of hill forts was carried out in the second half of the 19th century under Augustus Pitt-Rivers. You may notice that the ground slopes to a high spot in the centre of the ring. The site, covering 5 hectares, was excavated by Barry Cunliffe in the 1970s. Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort, Nether Wallop: See 48 reviews, articles, and 34 photos of Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort on Tripadvisor. Evidence found suggests that the fort was built 2500 years ago and occupied for … Danebury is one of the most studied Iron Age hill forts in Europe and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Evidence found suggests that the Fort was built 2500 years ago and occupied for nearly 500 years until the Follow the story trail to learn more about some of the dangers faced by the inhabitants of Danebury Hill Fort during the Iron Age. Researcher PAUL JACOBS and the CORE GROUP INITIATIVE work tirelessly each year cooperating with farmers on location for weeks on end in the summer months. These dips are the only visible evidence of past excavations. Outside of the earthworks is valuable downland habitat, some of which is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). His workers cleared out an Iron Age pit that was 2 metres (7 ft) deep and 1.5 m (5 ft) in diameter, although they were not able to ascertain its purpose. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. This gently sloping site surrounds Danebury, which is a hill fort dating to the Iron Age. The surrounding country has light soil that would have been easily cultivated. Life was short and harsh in the Iron Age. [5][6], Until the 19th century very little was known about hill forts, as none had been excavated and their original purpose had been long forgotten. The Danebury archaeological excavations, led by Professor Barry Cunliffe, from Southampton University, took place between 1969 and 1988. The earth works around the entrance give a feel for the success of the Danebury defences. [15] The east gateway was a simple 4 m (13 ft) wide gap in the defences with a timber gatehouse (the south-west gateway has not been excavated). Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire in England, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of Winchester (grid reference SU323376). Their pagan belief was that the gods lived in rivers, trees or other natural features. Danebury was remodelled several times, making it more complex and resulting in it becoming a "developed" hill fort. It is more than just ' a hillfort '; to archaeologists you could say that Danebury is ' the ' hillfort. [34] The burning of the gates was probably the result of an attack, and the charnel pits dating from the end of the intense period of Danebury's occupation contain about 100 bodies, many with injuries that appear to have been inflicted by weapons such as spears and swords. Early in its life the site consisted of a single ditch encompassing an area of about 5 ha (12 acres), with two gateways, one in the south-west and another in the east;[16] two more rings of ditches were added later. Email centralcountrysidesites@hants.gov.uk, Central Countryside Sites, Crabwood Depot, Sarum Road, Winchester, Hampshire, SO22 5QS, A Heritage Lottery Fund project, Discover Danebury, ran at the site in 2013, Parking Danebury Ring - Defensive Ditch - geograph.org.uk - 936240.jpg 480 × 640; 105 KB. Danebury Hill Fort [29] To the west runs Wallop Brook which flows south east into the River Test. Hotels near Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort; Hotels near Church of St Andrew; Near Airports. [1] The site, covering 5 hectares (12 acres), was excavated by Barry Cunliffe in the 1970s. to Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort Local Nature Reserve. Associated with nearby field systems. As Danebury had few natural resources it relied on trade with other areas to get iron, tin, copper, salt, shale and stone. Pitt-Rivers' work on the hill forts of Sussex led him to the conclusion that most hill forts were built in the Iron Age, and it paved the way for future work on hill forts. This area was a focal point for religious gatherings and important meetings. The Iron Age hill-fort at Danebury has been subjected to two seasons of excavation concentrating on the defences and the east entrance. The pits were filled with grain and then sealed. [27] Once again, the east gate was burnt down, although this time it was not replaced. Danebury Ring - Defensive Ditch - geograph.org.uk - 936234.jpg 480 × 640; 111 KB. Hotels near Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort, Nether Wallop on Tripadvisor: Find 32,674 traveller reviews, 58 candid photos, and prices for 30 hotels near Danebury Iron Age Hill Fort in Nether Wallop, England. [20] Around the same time the ramparts were altered, the east gateway was widened to 9 m (30 ft). Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort that was continuous populated for over 700 years from 600BC and was one of the largest defended towns in the region. Warriors fought with swords and sometimes used horse drawn chariots. Over the twenty seasons archaeologists spent examining the site, they looked at the defences and the gateway, and excavated 57% of the interior, where the remains of wattle and timber houses were discovered. Its tree-lined dome can be seen for many miles around. Video of Prof Barry Cunliffe describing Danebury, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Danebury&oldid=960543415, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 June 2020, at 14:42. Danebury… Stockbridge is home to 6 hotels and other accommodations, so you can find something with the amenities you're looking for. They had a narrow entrance or neck with a wider base. Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire, England, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of Winchester (grid reference SU323376 ). Most of these trees had reached a stage where they had become unstable due to disease and a long-term program of removal began. Local Nature Reserve. Danebury Hill Camp hillfort in Hampshire ... Danebury Fort - aerial image, Hampshire Data Portal.jpg 2,872 × 2,536; 5.57 MB. Dogs restricted [32], The ramparts were the strongest part of the fort, with the entrances the weakest. Danebury hill fort is the most extensively excavated hill fort in Europe. Extensively excavated by Barry Cunliffe over a number of seasons – the digital archive of which can be found in the Danebury Excavations Digital Archive, oddly enough. They added 5.3 ha (13 acres) to the fort and probably were used to protect livestock. It is impossible to state with certainty every significant event in the hill fort’s history, but where an event leaves an archaeologically identifiable trace, a general chronology can be established, although dates are much less easy to establish. Religion was important to the people who lived at Danebury. The hill fort dominates the local landscape, which rarely rises above 100 m (330 ft), and has commanding views of the area. It is a Scheduled Monument and a Local Nature Reserve called Danebury Hillfort. [38] It was possibly inhabited by a king or chieftain and his family, retinue, and craftsmen, and may have housed a population of 200–350. There are traces of craft and industry on a large scale, and use of the site by a social elite is indicated by the presence of shrines in the centre of the fort.[36]. Please visit our COVID-19 webpages for the latest updates and changes to services, as well as for information and guidance. Built in the 6th century BC, the fort was used for almost 500 years, during a period when the number of hill forts in Wessex greatly increased. [22], Although the rampart and ditch were in use for a long time, during this period the east gateway was remodelled twice, making it longer, and creating earthworks on each side of the approach. Danebury Iron Age Hillfort is located in a welcoming area of Stockbridge known for its picturesque gardens and array of dining options. 13.5 acres (5.5 hectares). Periods of intensified activity in hill forts such as Danebury coinciding with depopulation of the surrounding landscape could indicate the increasing importance of hill forts in society, or that there were times of unrest when people would retreat to the relative safety of a hill fort's ramparts. [26], Danebury was abandoned around 100 BC, in common with the trend across Britain for hill forts to fall out of use around that time. Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire, England, about 19 kilometres north-west of Winchester. From the top of the ramparts to the bottom of the ditch is about 16 m (52 ft). The subtle dips in the ground are where grain stores used to be. It was the lengthiest investigation of any hill fort in western Europe. [7], Interest in hill forts was roused by the investigation of a hill fort at Worlebury Hill in the early-19th century. Daylight. In the medieval period, their construction was attributed variously to iconic figures such as King Arthur, King Alfred, the Danes, Julius Caesar, and even giants. Other archaeological finds include more than 180,000 pieces of pottery, 240,000 bits of bone, stone objects, bone objects and many iron and bronze artefacts. They facilitate legitimate access to thousands of crop circle visitors by managing the field for the farmer; last season 2019 it was at Danebury Hill fort in Hampshire. Territory commanded by Danebury included areas of forest, pasture in the uplands, and access to water sources in the form of the River Test. [12][13], A further non-invasive survey was carried out in 1997, as part of the Wessex Hillforts Project, using a magnetometer.[14]. Scenic [3][4] The Scheduled Monument is surrounded by a Site of Special Scientific Interest, designated as Danebury Hill. Danebury Hill, on top of which the hill fort sits, rises to 143 m (469 ft). The herb rich grassland supports some of our most beautiful blue butterflies. Danebury Hill is a 13.7-hectare (34-acre) biological Site of Special Scientific Interest north-east of Nether Wallop in Hampshire. They made offerings to the gods and sometimes sacrifices. Climb to Danebury Hill Fort and Danebury Down on this short walk in Hampshire. It is a nationally important Scheduled Ancient Monument and also a Site of Special Scientific Interest, well-managed by Hampshire County Council. [11] With the permission of the site's owner, Hampshire County Council, archaeological excavations began in 1969 and continued until 1988. Danebury is one of the most studied Iron Age hill forts in Europe and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. [24] Also in this period, the southern part of the fort became populated with four- and six-post structures, probably granaries, replacing the earlier roundhouses. [19], At least 50 years after the rampart was first built, it was raised with the addition of more chalk material; this has been interpreted as maintenance work due to the ramparts beginning to collapse as the timber box started to rot. By the 18th century, it was widely thought that hill forts were Roman in origin. Good for walking The herb rich grassland supports some of our most beautiful blue butterflies. 'Iron Age' is the period between the end of the Bronze Age and the start of the Roman period (700BC - AD43). Two of us visited on a lovely warm August day. UV Index. 12 acres was purchased by Hampshire County Council in 1958. When Hampshire County Council purchased the hill fort in 1958, the earthworks were covered in beech trees. The fort was supplied with grain from the surrounding farmsteads, and could hold 20 times more food than the average farmstead, indicating Danebury had a higher status than local farmsteads. [25] A new series of earthworks was created beyond the already existing ring, turning Danebury into a complex multivallate (more than one series of earthworks) fort. In the hill fort you can see the 'ring' of ramparts and the once hidden gateway. It is part of Danebury Hillfort Local Nature Reserve. The views are probably stunning but better when the trees aren't in full leaf. Staying Near Danebury Iron Age Hillfort . Outside of the earthworks is valuable downland habitat, some of which is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). It shows that the farmed prehistoric landscape was just as busy as that of today. [17] When Danebury was built in the 6th century BC, it coincided with the construction of several other hillforts in the Wessex region, all of a similar size and layout. The site is an important asset for both archeological and nature conservation interest. ‘Iron Age’ describes the period between the end of the Bronze Age and the start of the Roman period (700BC to AD43). There's not much to say other than it is a great example of an iron age fort. [35], Surrounding Danebury hill fort are many smaller farmsteads, between 1 ha (2.5 acres) and 2 ha (4.9 acres) in size. Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire, England, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of Winchester (grid reference SU323376). When Hampshire County Council purchased the hill fort in 1958, the earthworks were covered in beech trees. [30], The nearby hill forts of Figsbury Ring, Quarley Hill, and Bury Hill were probably established around the same time as Danebury. All of a similar size, the hillforts were generally equally spaced, commanding similar sized territories and resources. [33] Iron Age society was, in Cunliffe's view, "effervescent ... essentially unstable, and prone to conflict", and he uses the possible military nature of hill forts to support this view. [37], While other hill forts were abandoned in the 4th century BC, in about 400 BC Danebury grew into what is known as a "developed hill fort". [28] By the start of the 1st century AD, the settlement of Danebury was probably nothing more than a single farm. They have a strong connection with this area, and their private stone circle is on a (fictional) nearby hill, concealed in dense woodland. [23] The southwest gateway was given extra defences in the form of earthworks before being abandoned and filled in. Storage pits abound in Danebury Ring: 2,400 have been discovered during the excavation so far and we might expect another 2,000 in the unexcavated area. The circular houses were for people and the store buildings and pits held grain, their most valuable commodity. Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire, England, about 19 km north-west of Winchester. Login with Gmail. As well as being a very fine Iron Age hill fort, Danebury is also one of the the few areas of publicly accessible unenclosed downland in this part of Hampshire. The pits take a variety of shapes and sizes but fall into three basic cate­ gories: pits of circular plan; pits of sub-rectangular plan; and pits of conical profile. Evidence suggests the fort was built 2,500 years ago and occupied for nearly 500 years. Danebury Hillfort - geograph.org.uk - 21420.jpg 640 × 480; 66 KB. The surrounding country has light soil that would have been easily cultivated. Payne, Corney, & Cunliffe (2007), pp. Length 1.6 mi Elevation gain 226 ft Route type Loop. Some of our services are affected by the pandemic. Danebury Iron Age Hillfort is a hilltop earthwork enclosure built about 500 BC and occupied until the coming of the Romans to Britain. Danebury is one of an extensive network of fortified sites across the Hampshire countryside. 59-62. 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