RAINE, ADRIAN. When only the criminal behavior of the biological parents is considered, she found no increase in violent offending in the adoptees. Theories of Crime: Classical, Biological,… There are four basic theories of crime, and knowing and understanding each one is imperative for one to succeed in any legal profession. Lombroso’s Biological Theory of Crime Essay 617 Words | 3 Pages. A potentially more serious methodological concern is that, with the exception of Dalgaard and Kringlen’s study and the twin study that follows, all other twin samples suffered from biased samples. Now, this case I just said is probably the most dominant psychological and biological theory to date. Although these findings are based on a small number of subjects, the Grove findings are congruent with the findings from other twin studies and extend the twin literature by evaluating MZ twins raised in separate environments. Studies comparing the concordance rates in MZ twins reared apart can avoid this problem, but it is difficult to obtain such subjects. A marked increase of probandwise concordance for criminal behavior among monozygotic twins suggests that the MZ twins inherit some biological characteristic(s) that increases their joint risk for criminal involvement. To test this hypothesis, the Finnish criminal register was searched for all of the Helsinki residents born in the nine months after the 1957 influenza epidemic. Individuals who had been exposed to the influenza virus during the second trimester of gestation, however, were significantly more likely to have a criminal conviction for violence than individuals who were exposed to the influenza virus during the first or third trimesters of gestation or not exposed to the virus at all. ‘‘Genetic and Environmental Factors in Alcohol Abuse and Antisocial Personality.’’, CADORET, REMI; YATES, WILLIAM R.; TROUGHTON, ED; WOODWORTH, GEORGE; and STEWART, MARK A. Second, a high refusal rate of adoptee interviews introduces the possibility that adoptees who consented to be interviewed may be qualitatively different from those who declined. Other, more direct measures of biological functioning, may provide additional information regarding the role of biological factors in the etiology of criminal behavior. Both compiling and analyzing the body of scholarship devoted to understanding the criminal brain, this volume serves as a condensed, accessible, and contemporary exploration of biological theories of crime … Several methodological flaws in earlier twin studies made it difficult to draw conclusions regarding genetic liability to criminal behavior. Are structural and functional deficits present prior to the onset of criminal behavior, or are these changes in the brain triggered after the individual has begun their criminal career? However, some traces still exist. The present authors are currently investigating the possible genetic link between violence and alcoholism (Tehrani and Mednick, forthcoming). Specifically, the risk of criminality among adoptees of criminal biological parents was significantly reduced if they were adopted into middle to high SES adoptive homes. For example, men have lots of sexual partners, but women are more selective due to the costs of pregnancy. One such disorder that may elevate the risk of violent offending in children is the presence of alcoholism in the biological parents. Third, in two of the Cadoret studies, antisocial status of the adoptees was determined from telephone interviews (1987. View sample criminology research paper on biological theories of crime. A review of biochemical studies that have investigated the role of low serotonin concentrations in the emergence of criminal behavior follows. Therefore, the main backbone elements of crime are personality traits of a potential criminal and the social conditions of life. Early Biological theories Many Biological theories are concerned with the concepts of Genetics. ‘‘Replication of the Stockholm Adoption Study of Alcoholism.’’, SIGVARDSSON, SOREN; CLONINGER, C. ROBERT; BOHMAN, MICHAEL; and VON KNORRING, ANNE LIS. If the adoptive parents were convicted and the biological parents were not, this figure only increased to 14.7 percent. 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